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Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi : Italian Architect, Designer, Mathematician, and Engineer

Filippo Brunelleschi was an Italian Architect, Designer, Mathematician, and Engineer. He has developed the mathematical technique of linear perspective. Using linear perspective people used to get the pictorial depictions of space. This Mathematical Technique developed by him helped to raise modern science.

People call him as the founding father of Renaissance architecture.

He has designed the dome of the Florence Cathedral because of this dome he became very famous.

Filippo Brunelleschi
Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi Life History

Brunelleschi was born in 1377 in Florence, Italy. His father, Brunellesco di Lippo was a civil servant, his mother Giuliana Spini was a homemaker. He had two brothers. From a very young age, he started learning mathematics so that he can follow his father’s footsteps. In 1398, he became a sculptor and a master goldsmith. 

He was a member of the guild of silk merchants. He was been arrested for false accusations that he was been practicing the gold trade illegally, but later he was been released.

He did not have children of his own so he adopted a boy.

He died on 15 April 1446 He was buried in the Cathedral of Santa.

Brunelleschi Books

Filippo has written two books:

  1. Brunelleschi: The Complete Work with 358 Illustrations
  2. Filippo brunelleschi: the complete work

Contributions of Filippo Brunelleschi in Mathematics

  1. He used his mathematics knowledge designing of the architect. Few of his mathematical implementations in his work are given below:
    1. Basilica of Santo Spirito in Florence, which he was designing is the perfect example of how he used mathematics in his work.
    2. To construct octagonal dome he used more than four million bricks. He didn’t leave any building plans or diagrams detailing. Mathematicians and Scientists are still trying to figure out how he has done it.
  2. His works can be found in Florence, Italy.
  3. In 1415 he rediscovered the principles of linear perspective using mirrors. This was one of his greatest mathematical discoveries.
  4. He redesigned many churches in using the mathematical skills he had. The entire interior was been redesigned using his ideas.
  5. He developed many mechanical devices like weights, wheels, gears, clocks, and so on. using his mathematical skills.
  6. He used many of his mathematical skills in the construction of buildings.

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Interesting facts about Brunelleschi

Few Interesting Facts that you must know about him:

  1. He is considered as the first modern engineer and sole construction supervisor.
  2.  He was the first person to describe a precise system of linear perspective.
  3. As he was a good Architect and Mathematician, he was been asked to design the fortification, do the urban planning, design the machinery, and other things.
  4. He invented hydraulic machinery.
  5. He elaborated clockwork.
  6. He was the first to paint an accurate three-dimensional window.
Interesting facts about Filippo Brunelleschi

Quotes By Filippo Brunelleschi

Do not share your inventions with many; share them only with the few who understand and love the sciences.

The gifts given to us by God must not be relinquished to those who speak ill of them and who are moved by envy or ignorance.

To disclose too much of one’s inventions and achievements is one and the same thing as to give up the fruit of one’s ingenuity.

Many are ready, when listening to the inventor, to belittle and deny his achievements so that he will no longer be heard in honorable places, but after some months or a year, they use the inventor’s words in speech or writing or design.

Mathematicians like Filippo Brunelleschi

Famous Engineering Mathematicians like Archimedes, Hero of Alexandria were also like him who has developed many mathematical theories and even have done contributions in the field of Engineering.

Just Like him, Luca Pacioli was a Italian Mathematician who has works became famous throughout the globe.

FAQ About Brunelleschi

What is Brunelleschi known for?

Filippo Brunelleschi is known as the founding father of Renaissance architecture. He is said to be the first modern engineer. His work made a really good impression. He is known for the dome of the Cathedral of Florence.

What did Filippo Brunelleschi invent?

Filippo invented the following things: 

  1. He Reinvented Architecture
  2. He invented the new hoisting machine, for the dome, for raising the masonry. 
  3. He invented a river transport vessel.
  4. He invented hydraulic machinery.
  5. He invented a magnificent dome.

How did Filippo Brunelleschi contribute to the renaissance?

Brunelleschi developed the linear perspective system. His ideas of rounded arches, this first arcade, with its columns, and simple classical decoration, became famous in buildings across Europe

Why was Brunelleschi dome so important?

Brunelleschi dome is one of the most notable architectural construction, by Filippo The dome was built without employing centering to support the masonry.

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What language did Filippo Brunelleschi speak? What made Brunelleschi great?

Filippo Brunelleschi is considered great because he was the one who has designed the dome of the Duomo in Florence. He was also a talented artist. He has designed many extraordinary designs that even today’s generation constructor even fail to build.

Who was Filippo Brunelleschi influenced by?

A medical doctor who was also a merchant whose name is Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli has influenced Filippo.

Did Brunelleschi have kids?

He never had married and because of that he never had a kid, so he adopted a kid to whom he named Andrea di Lazzaro Cavalcanti.

How long did Filippo Brunelleschi live?

Filippo lived for 69 years. He was born in 1377, Florence & died April 15, 1446.

Why did Filippo Brunelleschi become an architect?

He outshined in this trade also but due to dropping out in a commission, He decided to focus his expertise elsewhere. This is when he decided to become an architect.

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What does Brunelleschi dome symbolize?

Florence craved a dome to showcase the prosperity and beauty of the city. Artist and Architect Filippo designed the dome. This dome even today stands for wealth, richness, and glory.

How did Filippo Brunelleschi change the world?

Through his amazing construction work, he taught a lot of things to the world. He made many devices that would make construction ease. He made use of the maths and science in the construction.


Learn More about this Architect, Designer, Mathematician from the Rice University.

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