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Edward Witten

Edward Witten : American Mathematical and Theoretical Physicist.

Edward Witten is an American Mathematician and theoretical physicist who was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on August 26, 1951, to a Jewish family. He was a Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study and at the School of Natural Sciences.

He was a researcher in supersymmetric quantum field theories, quantum gravity, string theory and other fields of mathematics.

Witten has done a great contribution to pure mathematics. By the International Mathematical Union, in 1990, he became the first mathematician physicist to be awarded a Fields Medal. In 1981, he was been awarded as he proved the positive energy theorem in general relativity. He is the founder of M-theory.

Edward Witten
Edward Witten

Edward Witten is known for

  1. AdS/CFT correspondence
  2. BCFW recursion
  3. CSW rules
  4. Gromov–Witten invariant
  5. Hanany–Witten transition
  6. Hořava–Witten domain wall
  7. M-theory
  8. Seiberg–Witten invariants
  9. Seiberg–Witten theory
  10. Topological quantum field theory
  11. Topological string theory
  12. Vafa–Witten theorem
  13. Weinberg–Witten theorem
  14. Wess–Zumino–Witten model
  15. Witten Conjecture
  16. Witten Index

Life History of Edward Witten:

In 1979, Witten got married to Chiara Nappi. At Princeton University, She was a professor of physics. They gave birth to one son and two daughters. 

Witten is one of the directors of Americans for Peace Now and for the J Street, he is the advisory council. He is also a tennis player.

Edward Witten Education

  • In 1968, has done his primary schooling from Park School of Baltimore.
  • In 1971, From Brandeis University, He has done his primary in Bachelor of Arts major in history and secondary in linguistics.
  • He published articles in The Nation in and The New Republic
  • For one semester, Witten, to complete his economics graduate attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
  • In 1973, At Princeton University, he applied in applied mathematics.
  • In 1976, He received a Ph.D. in physics. 

He has studied and worked in different universities like 

  • Harvard University (1976–77)
  • Oxford University (1977–78)  
  • Harvard Society of Fellows (1977–1980)
  • MacArthur Foundation fellowship (1982)

Edward Witten Books and Publications

Few of the books written by Edward Witten are:

  1. Lectures on Geometry
  2. Superstring Theory: Volume 2, Loop Amplitudes, Anomalies, and Phenomenology: 25th Anniversary Edition 
  3. General Chemistry by Edward Witten
  4. Chemistry: Principles & Practice 
  5. Superstring Theory: 25th Anniversary Edition
  6. Superstring Theory: Loop amplitudes, anomalies, and phenomenology
  7. Current Algebra and Anomalies

Research papers and publications of Edward Witten:

  1. Quantum Field Theory and the Jones Polynomial.
  2. String Theory and Noncommutative Geometry.
  3. Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics.
  4. String theory dynamics in various dimensions.
  5. Super-symmetry and Morse Theory
  6. On the proof of the positive mass conjecture in general relativity.

Awards and Rewards under the name of Edward Witten

Witten Has won many awards. Few of the notable awards are:

  1. Crafoord Prize
  2. Fields Medal
  3. Fundamental Physics Prize
  4. Henri Poincaré Prize
  5. Isaac Newton Medal
  6. Lorentz Medal
  7. MacArthur Grant
  8. National Medal of Science
  9. Nemmers Prize in Mathematics
  10. Pythagoras Award

Important Milestones of Edward Witten

Important Events in the life of Witten

  1. He was elected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1984.
  2. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1988.
  3. He was a Foreign Member of the Royal Society Since 1999 in London.
  4. He appeared in the list of 100 most influential people in TIME magazine in 2004. 
  5. He was appointed as a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI.
  6.  In 2012, He became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
  7. He was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in March 2016.

Edward Witten Quotes

String theory at its finest is, or should be, a new branch of geometry. …I, myself, believe rather strongly that the proper setting for string theory will prove to be a suitable elaboration of the geometrical ideas upon which Einstein based general relativity.

Witten

I would expect that a proper elucidation of what string theory really is all about would involve a revolution in our concepts of the basic laws of physics – similar in scope to any that occurred in the past.

Witten

List of Mathematicians Like Edward

The Mathematicians like Leonhard Euler, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Archimedes, Daniel Bernoulli were physicist too like Witten, They too have done great innovation in the field of physics and even shined in mathematics.

FAQ About Witten

What did Edward Witten discover?

His early research interests were in electromagnetism, but he soon developed an interest in what is now known as superstring theory in mathematical physics. He made significant contributions to Morse theory, supersymmetry, and knot theory.

What did Edward Witten study?

Edward Witten has done a Bachelor of Arts degree with a primary in history and secondary in linguistics.

Why is Edward Witten famous?

Edward Witten was famous for his superstring theory. From the International Centre, He has also won the Dirac Medal for Theoretical Physics.

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