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Difference Between Abacus and Vedic Maths

Difference Between Abacus and Vedic Maths

Abacus and Vedic mathematics have been helpful for children learning maths. The learner can choose which method they use to learn maths. The key difference between Abacus and Vedic maths has been highlighted in this Article. These points will help you make a decision.

What are Vedic Math and Abacus?

Two ancient methods can be used by school students today to master math. Students can perform complex and large calculations without the need for any electronic devices. These are

  • Abacus Math, and
  • Vedic Math.

Before we get into the details, let’s first understand what these two methods are.


The abacus was invented in Roman and Greek times. As it traveled around the globe, the abacus evolved into different types.

It was in China that the abacus was further developed and was used extensively in daily life to perform calculations. The use of the Abacus can increase confidence, improve problem-solving ability, stimulate creativity, and improve mental endurance.

Abacus math is a way to learn how to calculate. To represent a number, beads can be moved up and down as well as in different columns. Children use their hands to move the abacus beads in order to do arithmetic calculations.

Vedic Mathematics:

Vedic math is completely done with the mind. Vedic math starts with a simple level of numbers and then progresses to multiplications, subtractions, and division. Vedic math is more than basic calculations.

Vedic math can solve complex algebraic, geometrical problems, trigonometric, and calculus problems as well. Vedic math is also possible at any age without difficulty.

Veda-s, ancient Sanskrit scriptures that some claim to be as old as 5000 B.C., are the foundation of Hindu philosophy. Vedic Mathematics is a translation of these texts into mathematics.

The 16 Vedic Sutras (or aphorisms) are word formulae that describe natural methods of solving various mathematical problems.

Examples of sutras include “By one more than the one before”, “All from 9 and the last from 10,” and “Vertically, & Crosswise”.

The Key Difference between Abacus and Vedic Maths

Vedic Math and Abacus Math are two different methods of mental math calculation. The main differences between these two methods are

Origin: Vedic Math is a traditional system of Indian mathematics, whereas Abacus Math originated in China and later spread to other parts of the world.

Techniques: Vedic Math involves mental math techniques, while Abacus Math involves using an abacus or counting tool for calculation.

Methodology: Vedic Math uses principles of reasoning and logic to make calculations, while Abacus Math relies on memorization and repetition.

Scope: Vedic Math is a broader system that covers various aspects of mathematics, while Abacus Math mainly focuses on arithmetic calculations.

Learning curve: Vedic Math may require more time and practice to master its various techniques, while Abacus Math can be learned relatively quickly.

Applications: Vedic Math can be applied to various fields such as engineering, science, and commerce, while Abacus Math is mainly used for basic calculations in finance and accounting.

Let’s Understand the Difference between Abacus and Vedic maths in Tabular Form:

SnoParameterAbacusVedic Maths
1SignificanceCalculation toolMental Mathematics
2Used forIt speeds up calculationUsed in Many Topics.
3ToolsTool required beds tool.It doesn’t require any tools
4Maths in SchoolsThe application becomes more useful in school maths when the child can do calculations mentally.It doesn’t require any tools, so it is simple to use Vedic mathematics in school calculations or beyond. 
5Learning Age6-7 Years8 years
6Originis Not knownIndia
7Program Duration4-18 Months3-12 Months
8Speed and accuracyIt improves speed and accuracy in maths, but it may take up to 2 years.In a matter of months, it can improve speed and accuracy in maths.
9Less Rough workIt reduces the need for rough work.It also reduces the need for rough work.

Overall, both Vedic Math and Abacus Math have their unique strengths and can be useful for different purposes.

Which is better, Vedic maths or Abacus?

These are two world-famous methods of calculating and proving them. When we compare, It’s like comparing apples and oranges. However, it is necessary to draw a comparison between the two methods to answer this question. Let’s get started.

Let’s start with the Abacus

Abacus is a tool used to calculate. It is made of a frame that has rows of grooves, wires, or rods with beads inside.

The frame will slide. Abacus was widely used in ancient China and Russia before the introduction of the number system. It is not known how the abacus was created or where the founders were from.

It is used in Japan for practical calculations. Their abacus can be used to calculate multiple digits and not just one to ten. Apart from basic operations, you can also use this tool to perform Square, Cube, and Cube roots.

The number of rows of movable beads that make up the abacus. These beads are digits. An abacus can perform basic math operations such as addition, multiplication, and division.

Abacus was initially used for subtraction and addition, but people discovered more uses for the tool. The abacus can be used in multiple ways today, including arithmetic by dividing the beads into 10.

As early as age 4, Abacus mathematics should be taught to children. Abacus math begins at the very beginning by teaching basic numbers and then moves on to calculation. The child will eventually retain the information about the bead positions and relevant notation. If you start Abacus math at a later age, it can be a hindrance.

Abacus is still used by most countries to teach mathematics to their children. Visually impaired people can use the abacus to teach mathematics instead of using an Abacus.

Now, let’s talk About Vedic Mathematics

Vedic is a Sanskrit term that means knowledge and wisdom. It can also be used to indicate an era or a period (The Vedic period is from 1700 to 1100 B.C. Iron Age). Mathematics can be described as the abstract science of numbers, space, and, quantity. It is also applicable to engineering and physics (applied).

These two-term Vedic Mathematics are knowledge of Mathematics that is primarily related to the Vedic period. In other words, Vedic mathematics is the mathematics used by ancient Indian sages.

Vedic mathematics is more than a study of quick tricks for calculation, Getting quick and right answers at the same time is its major trait of it.

Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji (1884-1960), discovered these ancient scriptures and translated them into simple, understandable mathematics.

By learning Vedic mathematics, individuals can improve their mental agility, memory, and concentration skills. You can simplify complex problems by breaking them down into smaller, more manageable parts.

Vedic mathematics offers numerous benefits and applications in various fields, including education, business, personal development, finance, engineering, and science, making it a valuable skill to possess.

Overall, Vedic mathematics offers a holistic approach to learning and problem-solving, helping individuals to improve their mental and mathematical abilities.


Abacus and Vedic maths both help to improve math speed and accuracy. However, it has been shown that children can pick up Vedic mathematics easily as it doesn’t require any tools. Abacus relies on the child carrying the tool to school, which is why Vedic Maths is so popular.

Vedic Maths can be applied to a broad range of subjects, not just addition, subtraction, and multiplication. Vedic Maths offers speed-building methods for squares, cubes, and cube roots.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What is an Abacus?

The rectangular tool known as an Abacus has beads embedded in it that are used to count and calculate.

This tool has been used for many years to teach math concepts to children. It is used in schools, especially in the early grades of children in Grade 1, Grade 1, and Grade 2. Each bead represents numbers, and each one uses the place value concept to get higher numbers.

The rectangular tool has a horizontal bar. The tool is used to teach math skills in the early years. Later, the tool can be used to help the child visualize the abacus and then the child can do the same mentally.

The abacus program aids the child in increasing speed and accuracy when performing math calculations. The majority of abacus programs last between 2.5 and 3 years. They teach children how to solve math problems faster, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

What is Vedic Mathematics?

Vedic Maths helps you to improve your math speed and accuracy. Vedic Sutras are a collection of shortcuts and methods that allow for faster calculations. These techniques are simple to learn.

Vedic Maths is a concept that has its roots in India.

Shri Bharti Krishna Tirathji, who conceived all of the Vedic Sutras from his book, is known as the father and founder of Vedic Maths.

Vedic Sutras can be used to speed up calculations such as subtraction, multiplications, and division.

Many schools are also using it in their math clubs, as well as in small exercises in math books and after-school math programs. It takes 8-12 months to master Vedic Maths. Here is a description of what Vedic Maths is.

Which is Better Abacus or Vedic Math?

The choice between an abacus and Vedic Math depends on individual preferences and learning styles.

Abacus is a physical tool used for calculations, while Vedic Math uses mental calculations and techniques. Both have their own advantages and can be effective in their own ways.

Is the Abacus a Vedic Math?

Abacus and Vedic Math are two different systems of calculation. Abacus is a physical tool, whereas Vedic Math is a mental calculation system based on ancient Indian texts. They have some similarities, but they are not the same.

Can I learn Abacus and Vedic Math Simultaneously?

Yes, it is possible to learn Abacus and Vedic Math simultaneously. Both systems use different methods for calculations, and learning both can provide a well-rounded understanding of mathematical concepts.

अबेकस और वैदिक गणित, दोनों में कौन बेहतर है?

अबेकस और वैदिक गणित में कौन सा बेहतर है इसका चयन व्यक्तिगत पसंद और शैक्षणिक पसंदों पर निर्भर करता है। अबेकस गणना के लिए एक उपकरण है, जबकि वैदिक गणित मानसिक गणना और तकनीकों पर आधारित है। दोनों के अपने फायदे होते हैं और अपने तरीकों से प्रभावी हो सकते हैं।

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