Mathematicians from all over the world have played an important role in the development of the world. French mathematicians have played an influential role in mathematics like in the foundation of algebra, statistics, theory in analytical geometry, mechanical calculator, etc.

And with this let’s explore the top 4 French Mathematicians’ life and works and their accomplishments.

## Some of the French Great Mathematicians are

French Mathematician

## Blaise Pascal : French Mathematician Physicist, Inventor, and Writer

French Mathematician

## Rene Descartes : French Mathematician, Scientist and philosopher

famous scientists

## Pierre de Fermat

Pierre de Fermat is famous for his technique of adequality. He was known for his developments on Infinitesimal Calculus, he was born on 20th August 1601 and graduated from the University of Orleans in Civil, and worked as a French lawyer.

Fermat also discovered the original method of how to find curved lines ordinates of the smallest and the greatest, and also worked and researched number theory. Fermat also knew six languages which included French, Occitan, Latin, Italian, and classical Greek.

Fermat Factorization This method of new factorization was invented by him under his name. He was the first French mathematician who worked on the integral of general power functions.

Here is the list of some of his contributions in mathematics:

• Fermat‘s Last Theorem
• Fermat‘s spiral
• Fermat‘s principle
• Fermat number
• Fermat‘s method
• Fermat‘s factorization method
• Fermat polygonal number theorem
• Fermat quotient

Every once in two years the Fermat Prize is awarded in his honor, Fermat died in 1665.

### Marie Sophie Germain

As a woman, Marie Sophie worked hard to become a mathematician and physicist at a time where it was a male-dominated field. Sophie is famous for her works in number theory, Germain prime numbers, and elasticity theory; she was born in 1776.

Sophie’s major interest was in number theory and sent her work to great mathematicians like Gauss and Legendre and also published her work of proving n = p – 1 in Fermat’s theorem, while Sophie was a mathematician and physicist she was a philosopher too.

She died at the age of 55 years as she discovered she had breast cancer. Sophie was the first woman to win the prestigious Paris academy of Science prize and under her name, since 2003 Sophie German Prize has been given to all the French mathematicians who worked in this field.

## Henri Poincare

Poincare was a prominent mathematician in the 1900s he was known as ‘the Last Universalist’ in mathematics and excelled in the field and contributed as a mathematician, applied math. Poincare was also the founder of Topology and has also received a degree in ordinary mining engineering.

Poincare was the originator of the theory of the analytical functions of many complex variables. He also contributed to the fields of Chaos theory, Topology, theory of equations in the qualitative differential. As a child, he was known as a monster of mathematics as people thought no one could understand mathematics with such a core as Poincare.

Poincare also published books on Science and Hypothesis, Science and Method, The Value of Science. Poincare received a lot of awards like the Matteucci Medal, Sylvester Medal, Bruce Medal, Poncelet Medal, etc.

Poincare was the first person to discover the Chaotic Deterministic System. Due to embolism disease and before also he went under surgery and since then he was not well Poincare died in 1902.

## Famous French Mathematicians are

French Mathematician

## Rene Descartes : French Mathematician, Scientist and philosopher

famous scientists

## Augustin Louis Cauchy : French Mathematician and Physicist

French Mathematician